Royat Auvergne

Lupin – the most popular show ever on Netflix – may have roots in the deep heart of France

Lupin - the "Gentleman Cambrioleur"

Karen and I just watched all five episodes of Lupin, the French series that is dominating the Netflix popularity charts around the world.  We love a good “heist” story – and Lupin starts with a very good one – but it evolves into something even better:  a story about a “gentleman thief”, a hero who operates outside the law but is driven by a bigger sense of justice and “doing the right thing”.  (Think The Equalizer but with some elegance and a tongue-in-cheek sense of humor.)  The series also makes for a good opportunity to practice your French, if you’re inclined that way; you can watch it dubbed in English, or reset the language to French and turn on English subtitles.

Omar Sy stars as the 21st-century reincarnation of Arsene Lupin (photo by Harald Krichel,via Wikimedia Commons)

Either way, the Netflix series is a contemporary retelling of the incredibly popular books and short stories written by Maurice LeBlanc beginning in 1905.  And for Francophiles, the TV series has plenty of Paris scenery and a side trip to beaches of Normandy.  But did you know that Lupin has a particular connection to the Auvergne in the deep heart of France?

I know that not everyone can go to France right now.  And with Covid-19 infections spiking again this winter, even people already in France may not be able to travel freely.  This post, then, is for anyone already in France looking for someplace “off the beaten path” for a “local” vacation – and for anyone else who holds out hope for travel like this when the world returns to a more normal situation.  As always, though, it’s best to check before you go to be sure places mentioned here are open and welcoming visitors
Maurice Leblanc (photo via Wikimedia Commons)

It’s a stretch, but… Lupin’s origins might be in Royat

Maurice Leblanc was a native of Normandy, and several of the Lupin stories use that wild coast as a setting.  (In the Netflix series, the characters take a train trip from Paris to the beach town of Étretat, where there’s a notable museum devoted to Leblanc’s most famous character, for a fan festival devoted to the “original” Lupin.)

But an article by Pascal Guinard in the January 16, 2020 edition of La Montagne points to the possibility that Leblanc might have actually conceived the character of Arsene Lupin during his visits to the thermal spa town of Royat, beginning in 1903 (two years before Lupin’s first appearance in print).

According to Gilles Frierese, a journalist interviewed for La Montagne’s story, Leblanc was 39 years old and still seeking his first big success as a writer in 1903:

“[H]e learned that the waters of Royat, in Puy-de-Dôme, might suit him. Arriving there in summer, he met Dr. Deschamps, whom he befriended. The care lavished on him by the doctor, associated with the beneficial virtues of thermal waters, relieved him; his health improved, and he was slowly reborn. Several times, Maurice Leblanc returned to Royat to be treated and to greet his doctor friend. " 

Frierese has published his research in L’Aiguille prevue, a scholarly journal devoted to studying the Lupin stories.  In it, he argues that Leblanc might never have developed the character or had the physical strength to carry on his writing career if he had not “taken the cure” in the thermal waters of Royat.  And as proof he offers Leblanc’s 1927 novel, The Young Woman With Green Eyes, which follows the character of Lupin on a trip to Royat to solve a mystery related to the Fountain of Youth.  While he’s there, Lupin stays in a convalescent hotel clearly belonging to Leblanc’s friend, Dr. Deschamps, and other characters in the novel are clearly based on people Leblanc knew while he was in Royat.

Drawing of Leblanc and his most famous character, by Henri-Edmond Rudaux via Wikimedia Commons

A scene from a Renoir painting

To understand the little town of Royat, imagine yourself strolling through an elegant park with a crowd straight from a painting by Renoir – men in straw boaters and morning coats, women in flowing dresses with bright flowers and velvet hats.  Imagine, as the local guides say, “walking in the footsteps of Napoleon III, the Empress Eugénie, the Prince of Wales (later Edward VII), King Leopold II, or the Maharajah of Patiala…”  In short, imagine yourself stepping back into the glory days of Belle Époque France – but in a place far from the chic salons of Paris.

Royat Auvergne
Postcard from Royat, c. 1895

At first glance, Royat is a town trapped in time and trapped in its own geography.  Hanging on the side of an extinct volcano and jammed up against Clermont-Ferrand (the capital city of the Auvergne) and neighboring Chamalieres, Royat maintains some of the romantic feel of its 19th-century glory days.  It can’t really grow, given its geographic constraints.  It is, though, a very pleasant destination for a long weekend, and Royat takes pride in its position as a “gateway town” for the natural wonders of the Park of Volcanoes that begin at the city’s edge.

Royat Auvergne

Royat Auvergne
Traces of the Roman Baths

A 2,000-year-old Spa Town

This has been a spa town since the time of the Roman occupation of Gaul.  (You can still see the remains of the baths they built in Royat’s thermal park.)  As in so many parts of the deep heart of France, the volcanic plumbing that boils underneath the Massif Central comes to the surface here in natural springs called sources in French.

Thermal spa Royat Auvergne
Part of the thermal park in the center of Royat
Thermal spa Royat Auvergne
Drinking fountain drawing from 3 thermal sources

Thermal spa Royat Auvergne

There are five distinct sources in town.  The one named for the Empress Eugénie was once called the Grande Source, and it has only been commercialized since its discovery in 1844.  Also in the thermal park at the center of Royat:  the sources named for Caesar, Saint Mart, Saint Victor, and Auraline.  Some of these have been in use since Roman times, but the real peak of development of these springs as a tourist destination didn’t being until the 1800s.

These sources contain a full cocktail of volcanic minerals and chemicals – in most cases, gassy water full of alkaline bicarbonates and iron oxides, with doses of lithium oxide and arsenic.  Temperatures run from 60° to 95° Farenheit (15° to 35° C).  People flocked here in the 19th century for the same reasons they come today – with prescriptions from their doctors to treat heart problems and a range of other conditions.  In the 1930s, a treatment involving the injection of carbon dioxide under the skin was developed here, and apparently it’s still popular in some parts of the world as a cure for everything from cellulite to wrinkles to hair loss (!).

Royat Auvergne
Louis Trinquier-Trianon [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

A Belle Epoque Tourist Boom

Naturally enough, the development of deluxe hotels followed closely from the demands of rich tourists coming to town to “take the waters”.  It was one of these, the establishment run by Dr. Dechamps, that welcomed Maurice Leblanc when he first came to Royat in 1903.  They are still evident everywhere in the town's winding, hilly streets – now a little longer in the tooth, in most cases, but still giving Royat its Belle Époque atmosphere.  (And more and more these days – they're often converted into luxury apartments with spectacular views looking across the plains of Limagne.)

Royat Auvergne


Royat Auvergne

The 21st Century Destination

There’s a major casino in the center of the thermal park, still a popular meeting place and scene of business meetings and conventions.  The town’s principal business continues, too.   Open since 2007, the Royatonic is a full-service luxury spa offering both traditional thermal “cures” and high-end spa services.  It’s attached to the beautifully-appointed Princesse Flore hotel – a 5-star operation with a couple of excellent restaurants; Karen and I stayed here for an anniversary weekend a few years ago, and absolutely loved the place!

Royat Auvergne
Princesse Flore Hotel (left)
Royat Auvergne
Royatonic Spa

Of course, Royat has other places worth visiting.  At the top of the mountain, the Romanesque church of Saint-Léger has looked out over the town since the 11th century.  The restaurant La Belle Meuniere is a great choice if you want to really get into the Belle Époque spirit of the town (and be sure to ask the story behind the name – it’s a 19th-century scandal on a grand scale).

Royat Auvergne
Eglise Saint-Léger
Royat Auvergne
The Casino

A congregation especially for Anglophones

For English-speaking expats living in the Auvergne, Royat is notable for one more thing: there’s a little chapel, tucked in behind the post office and an apartment building, where an Anglican/Episcopal congregation has been meeting since the late 1990s.  It’s called Christchurch Clermont-Ferrand, and while its origins are in service to the families of Michelin expatriates in the Auvergne, it has an increasingly diverse membership. The chapel is itself a relic of Royat’s 19th-century heyday, built by an English doctor and his wife in the late 1800s; today it belongs to the French Protestant church in Clermont-Ferrand, and they make it available to Christchurch.  Services are currently suspended because of the COVD-19 pandemic (although a Zoom version is available, I believe), but later on if you’re in town on a Sunday, the small congregation would be glad to welcome you to their services.

Royat Auvergne
Royat chapel (meeting place for Christchurch Clermont-Ferrand)

While you're in town, give a thought to Maurice Leblanc and his famous "gentleman cambrioleur".  Catch the series on Netflix, whether in its French version originale or in the dubbed English form.   If you have Kindle Unlimited on Amazon, you can get several of the Arsene Lupin mysteries (in English) for free.  (Sadly, I haven’t found an English translation of The Young Woman With Green Eyes but the French original – La Demoiselle Aux Yeux Verts – is in the public domain and also available for free on Amazon.)

And although I can’t imagine that you’ll be bored by your stay in Royat, in the unlikely event that happens you only have to cross a street to find yourself in Clermont-Ferrand, a city rich in history, interesting architecture, and fine cuisine!

Have you visited other towns in France with a connection to a famous literary character?  Have you found other traces of Belle Epoque elegance and architecture in your travels around France?  Have you ever tried to “take the waters” in any of France’s many thermal spa towns?  Please share your experience in the Comments section.  And take a moment, please, to share this post with others on your favorite social-media platform(s) using the button(s) below!

Step back into the glory days of Belle Époque France – but in a place far from the chic salons of Paris.  Royat, in the deep heart of France, is a spa town straight from a painting by Renoir.
Step back into the glory days of Belle Époque France – but in a place far from the chic salons of Paris. Royat, in the deep heart of France, is a spa town straight from a painting by Renoir.

8 thoughts on “Lupin – the most popular show ever on Netflix – may have roots in the deep heart of France

  1. Thank you for mentioning Christ Church. We love our small chapel in the beautiful town of Royat. For your readers please may I ask for their forbearance as our website is in the midst of change so it is not in its final form at the moment. We continue to hold zoom services every Sunday and all Christians of any denomination are welcome at our church.

    Royat is an interesting and historic town definitely worth a visit. Thank you for highlighting this small corner of France. You and Karen are always welcome at Christ Church.

    1. Thanks very much for your comment! Karen and I were among the very first wave of members of Christ Church back in the late 1990s, and went as delegates to the European Convocation in Florence. When we were back in CFE from 2009 to 2013 I even served as the occasional “back-up” organist when Julia was away, so this group has a special place in our hearts. It’s good to see it carrying on, even in the face of the pandemic. Thanks very much for reading!

  2. Richard,enjoying your articles!We are proposing purchase property in France and it would be helpful for you to provide location maps so that readers could relate to the area.

  3. Hi Richard, We always love to read your articles. When we were in France, we were sometimes able to visit or had visited the places you highlighted. Other times it’s been a nice virtual visit! We watched the 5 episodes of Lupin in less than 5 days!
    We’ve been stateside almost a year now. Covid has changed life for everyone. Somehow, knowing that we wouldn’t have been able to carry on enjoying French life as we knew it has eased the pain. We do miss the Auvergne and hope to return for a visit as soon as it’s safe!
    Thanks for sharing your love and knowledge of The Deep Heart of France!
    Sheryl and Tom

    1. Thanks, Sheryl — it’s great to hear from you! Glad you enjoyed Lupin, too — we’ve moved on to “Call My Agent” and got through all 4 seasons in just a few evenings. You’re right that being in France right now would be awfully restrictive, but like you we’re missing the Auvergne like crazy (and making plans to be back there as soon as travel permits). All our best to you and Tom!!

  4. Look for The Girl With the Green Eyes under the title Arsène Lupin Super Sleuth. shows a few copies for sale.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.